Subnational Mortality Databases

Subnational mortality databases following the model and principles of the Human Mortality Database have been developed by researchers in a number of countries. Some of these databases are more closely related to the HMD than others, in terms of both the people involved and the methods implemented. See below for a short description and link to each database.

The Australian Human Mortality Database (AHMD)

The Australian Human Mortality Database (AHMD) includes historical series of lifetables by sex for the six states and the two territories of mainland Australia for the period from 1971 to 2016.

The AHMD was developed by the Mortality, Ageing and Health research team in the Australian National University School of Demography under the supervision of Vladimir Canudas-Romo and in collaboration with the HMD team.

The Canadian Mortality Database/Base de données sur la Longévité Canadienne (CHMD/BDLC)

The Canadian Human Mortality Database (CHMD) is an achievement of the Mortality and Longevity research team at the Department of Demography, Université de Montréal, Canada, under the joint direction of Professors Robert Bourbeau and Nadine Ouellette. The project is carried out in collaboration with demographers at the Human Mortality Database from which it has borrowed its underlying methods, with some adjustments to account for the unique situation of Canada.

The CHMD collects data from the National Statistics Office to compute lifetables for all Canadian provinces and territories after validation and correction where necessary, for all years 1982 through 2019. For comparative purposes, the database lifetables are compared with those produced by governmental organizations, also available for download in the Archives section of the CHMD website.

The French Human Mortality Database

The French Human Mortality Database (FHMD) was created to provide detailed data at the regional and departmental level for metropolitan France to anyone interested in the history of human longevity in France. The project was carried out by Florian Bonnet, in collaboration with the HMD team.

The FHMD is a "satellite" of the Human Mortality Database (HMD). The FHMD’s underlying methods correspond to those in the HMD with some adjustments to adapt to the unique situation of some specific geographic units or periods of time. It uses data produced by the National Statistics Office that are validated and corrected, when required, and made comparable, as much as possible, for the period ranging from 1901 to 2020. The database is updated every year to reflect the most recent local data.

The Japanese Mortality Database (JMD)

The Japanese Mortality Database is a mortality database consistent with the Human Mortality Database. The database was initially developed by Professor Futoshi Ishii in collaboration with the HMD team at the University of California, Berkeley, to provide a lifetable series for the 53 prefectures of Japan for the period starting in 1947.

The United States Mortality DataBase (USMDB)

The United States Mortality DataBase (USMDB) includes historical series of period lifetables by sex for the 4 US Census Regions, the 9 US Census Divisions, and the 50 US States and the District of Columbia, constructed following strictly the Human Mortality Database Methods Protocol (Version 6) for years 1959-2019. The USMDB also includes period lifetables for all US counties for years 1982-2018 produced with a statistical model accounting for small population counts and based on the Bayesian approach.

The USMDB was developed by the HMD team at the University of California, Berkeley in collaboration with the Mortality Branch at the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control (NCHS) and with support from the Center on the Economics and Development of Aging (CEDA) and the French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED). It has been funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health (R01-AG040245) and the Society of Actuaries-REX Pool Fund.